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Hair loss by thyroid problems can be caused due to the malfunction of the T3 and T4, which are responsible for the healthy and strong follicles. To understand the phenomenon, we have to probe deeper into the ingredients of these two hormones. The question: Can hair loss be caused by Thyroid Problems can be answered when you understand the Hormones generated by the Thyroid glands and their functions. Then we proceed to what happens when they become deficient or excess.
The T3 and T4 hormones are made of silicon dioxide, cellulose, lactose monohydrate, Di-calcium phosphate, and the other ingredients. They are responsible for prolonging the hair growth cycle and reducing the hair loss phase on the scalp. They suppress the hair growth inhibitor factors and promote natural hair re-growth.
Hypothyroidism induces diffuse hair loss by increasing the shedding and empty phases and suppressing the growth and regression phases. It’s stated to be the root cause of hair loss among men and women. The lost hair never grows again.
Table of Contents
- 1 Can Hair Loss Be Caused By Thyroid Problems | The Human Hair and Thyroid Receptors
- 2 How to Stop Hair Fall Due to Thyroid
Can Hair Loss Be Caused By Thyroid Problems | The Human Hair and Thyroid Receptors
The hair follicles have TH-receptors (TH-Thyroid Hormone) for receiving the proteins and nutrients to grow and strengthen. The stem cells get the required volume of keratin from the keratinocytes, which are promoted by the Thyroid hormone Receptor (TR) on the skin layer called the epidermis.
1. Human Hair Follicle: The hair follicle is the group of cells that surround the hair roots. It’s responsible for the hair growth cycle. It also shapes the texture of the hair, its color, curling, etc. The TR strengthens the hair follicle through the supply of proteins and nutrients. The hair cycle happens normally without any significant variations. So, your hair sheds and re-grows without developing into baldness.
2. Dermal Fibroblasts: The dermal fibroblast is the connective tissue responsible for the processing of collagen protein. It’s also responsible for the increased blood circulation into the epithelial hair cells.
It promotes healthy hair growth and slows down the process of hair loss. That means your hair lifespan is increased by the collagen. So, the fibroblasts act as the key factor of hair follicle regeneration and healthy growth of hair at the epidermis layer of the scalp.
3. Hair Matrix: The hair matrix is a complex structure around the follicles. It consists of the epithelial cells, color pigments, hair shaft, sebaceous gland, and the root sheath of the hair. A healthy hair matrix is responsible for the strong roots and growth pattern of the hair on the scalp. The EGF growth of the Hair Follicles and its migration by promoting the growth and strengthening of the Outer-Root-Sheath (ORS).
Here, the growth (ANAGEN) phase of the hair is longer than the shedding of an empty phase. The hair matrix is connected to the EGF. In turn, the EGF is connected to the TR. And the TR is connected to the Thyroid hormones T3 and T4.
4. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH): TSH is the key hormone which is responsible for the production of thyroxin from the thyroid gland. It’s also responsible for the growth of the epithelial cells and strong EGF and TGF. TSH promotes the hair follicles strength during the growth (ANAGEN) phase. Its key task is to extend the lifespan of the hair follicles by increasing the ANAGEN.
So, the hair shedding and the empty phases are reduced to the minimum period. It’s made possible by the strengthening of the ORS and the Connective Tissue Sheath (CTS). The TSH also connects with the TR in the hair matrix for the circulation of proteins and vitamins required to promote hair growth and reduce hair loss.
Having seen the strong link between the TR and the hair growth & migration on the scalp, we proceed to learn how the imbalance (deficiency state called Hypothyroidism and the excess phase called the Hyperthyroidism) can affect the stability of the Hair Follicle (HF) and the hair matrix.
In this process of analysis, we also come across the extension of the regression, shedding and empty phases of the hair cycle. It predominates the growth phase. Hence, the state of hair loss remains almost permanent.
Hair Loss Due To Thyroid Will It Grow Back
EGF is another key parameter responsible for the growth of dense hair on the scalp along with the Transformation Growth factor (TGF). They play a critical role in the healthy growth and regeneration of hair.
When the androgens (male hormone responsible for growth factors) function undergoes a significant negative impact, the hair follicles enter into shedding and empty phases earlier than the normal time (Connective Tissue Sheath). It results in male pattern hair loss. Incidentally, the EGF and TGF are controlled by the TR. In most f the cases the question of hair loss due To Thyroid will It grow back may be negative when it comes to EGF.
Can a Thyroid Problem Cause Hair Loss
There are two forms of abnormal thyroid problem:
The answer to the question can a Thyroid Problem cause Hair Loss becomes clear once you understand the hair and scalp conditions caused by both the forms.
Hypothyroidism and Hair Growth Retardation
Hypothyroidism can cause severe retardation of the hair growth (Telogen Effluvium or TE). The symptoms will be visible three months before the onset of the TE. It’s when the hair follicles slip into the state of rest. In most of the acute cases, the hair sheds without coming out of this phase.
Furthermore, hyperthyroidism is one condition in which the thyroxin levels increase abnormally due to the hyperactivity of the thyroid gland. This phenomenon can lead to a condition of diffuse alopecia. In many cases, it has been observed among children between the ages of 3 or 4. It’s stated to be due to the decrease in the hair shaft tensile strength and the thinning of the shaft diameter.
Let’s quickly observe the following conditions:
1. Proliferation Damages: Hyperthyroidism affects hair follicle and root sheath proliferation within the initial stages of ANAGEN. It results in enhanced pressure on the follicles, bulb, and the rest of the shaft. The probability of breakdown increases significantly due to the proliferation damages.
2. Metabolism Damages: The metabolism of the hair follicles and the shaft happens at the hair bulb due to the deposits of proteins and micronutrients. Hyperthyroidism can lead to the inefficient metabolism, leading to the extensive hair loss. However, the exact links between hyperthyroidism and hair follicle metabolism damages have not been established so far.
The case studies from the hyperthyroid patients and the hair loss provide the statistical data, which points to the probable link between the two. It may take a few more years of research in this direction to establish the complete medical evidence.
3. Telogen Effluvium (TE): As seen in the case of hypothyroidism, TE can occur in the hyperthyroidism condition also. The stress factors generated during the treatment and medication can also result in alopecia. In some cases, it can be a temporal phase. Once the medication for hyperthyroidism is stopped, the regeneration of hair follicles may happen in the affected regions.
However, there has been no medical evidence to prove this phenomenon. The assumption is based on the practical case studies.
Thyroiditis and Hair Loss
Thyroid Hair Loss Itchy Scalp
The Thyroid Hair Loss Itchy Scalp occurs mainly due to the skin infections. Thyroiditis is one of the conditions, which can lead to the itchy feeling. You can heal the symptoms by following some simple treatments at home.
- Apply Coconut oil and Aloe Vera mix
- Avoid excess of hair wash
- Olive oil inclusion in the foods can help
How to Stop Hair Fall Due to Thyroid
The question of How to Stop Hair Fall Due to Thyroid can be answered, when the hyperthyroidism is detected early. It’s better to take precautionary measures than go for the treatment, which may take time.
- Consume foods with Iodine
- Use only the Iodized salt
- Consume seafood including fish, seaweed, and kelp
- Avoid Gluten in food
The treatment procedures may vary, depending on your present health conditions and the thyroid intensity. If you suffer from hyperthyroidism, the treatment procedures can be extensive.
The complexity increases, when hyperthyroidism is accompanied with diabetic and hypertension conditions. It’s better to take the medication for the other conditions, before taking up the treatment for thyroid problems.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition which could be treated by controlling the diet pattern and opting for herbal medication.